الأربعاء , مايو 22 2024

The Influence of the Modernist and Romantic Movements on Literature: Convergence and Opposition

Abstract

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, several movements appeared. One of those critical movements was the Modernist movement, which is different from the old known concepts; it came with new opinions and methods that aroused the anger of other old movements. At first, it faced strong opposition from the pioneers of different movements and their audiences, such as the Romantic movement, because modernism came loaded with Realism, psychological study, individual subjectivity, etc. (Charles, 1999). Therefore, since the previous movements did not interfere with psychological factors and rise to the subjectivity of individuals, but they were characterized by imagination, especially for the Romantic movement, imagination took ample space from it and dominated most of its parts, so Romanticism as a foreign body entered into this entity, it indeed became confusing at first, which made the pioneers of other movements rejecting modernism and its new style because it contradicts their methods in several opinions, especially for the classical and Romantic movement. Therefore, this research aims to clarify the points of convergence that combine the Romantic movement and the Modernist movement on the one hand, as well as the points of contradiction or divergence between the two movements on the other hand; so the question is: What is the nature of the differences and similarities in the scope of the two movements?

Keywords: imagination, Modernist, psychological, Romantic, subjectivity.

BY:

Asst. Lect. Yousif Ali Yousif Salman

Department of English, College of Human Sciences, University of Diyala, Diyala, Iraq

Asst. Lect. Zainab Abdulhasan AL-Almusawi

English Department, Faculty of Languages, Kufa University, Najaf. Iraq

Asst. Lect.Kawther Qahtan Hussein

Department of English, College of Human Sciences, Diyala University, Diyala, Iraq

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